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Kerala Kaumudi Online
Friday, 19 April 2024 11.25 PM IST

India's population will undergo massive change in 2050, predicts international journal report

population

NEW DELHI: India is the nation with the highest population in the world by overtaking China in 2023. But according to a report by international journal Lancet, India's birth rate will drop to just 1.29 in 1950. According to this report, by the end of the 21st century, the rate will decrease again to 1.04. India's birth rate in 2024 is 1.91. In 1950 it was 6.18.

In other words, in 1950, a woman had six children, but now it is two children. By the end of the century it will drop to one child. A similar situation is seen not only in India but all over the world. Even globally, birth rates have halved over the past 70 years. In 1950, the global rate was over 4.8. In 2021, this figure has dropped to an average of 2.2 children per woman. Globally, it will decrease to 1.8 in 2050.

Studies suggest that there are several factors contributing to the declining birth rate. This is due to global warming, climate change, lifestyle and dietary disorders. The biggest challenge with declining birth rates is that it affects the equilibrium state of the population. Therefore, it is essential to keep this rate above two. Only then will there be a balance between adults and children.

The biggest danger from this situation is that the number of elderly people will increase. The study suggests that it will significantly affect the world's progress. The study was conducted by scientists from the Institute of Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME). The study is based on Global Burden of Disease data.

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